Thursday, May 23, 2024

New Tax Regime Vs. Outdated Tax Regime: Which one to select?


What number of instances have you ever approached the Union Finances with immense expectations and are available again empty handed? The motion lay elsewhere. There have been vital bulletins however in a roundabout way associated to placing extra money in your pockets.

Not this time.

The Union Finances 2023 was action-packed. So many bulletins that instantly affect the middle-class taxpayer. I record a number of the price range proposals instantly impacting the taxpayers.

  1. Decrease tax charges underneath the brand new tax regime.
  2. Conventional plans with annual premiums over Rs 5 lacs introduced underneath the tax internet.
  3. Taxpayers set off long run capital good points by buying a residential property. Set-off limits underneath Part 54 and Part 54F are actually capped.
  4. Enhance in funding cap underneath Senior Residents financial savings scheme (SCSS) from Rs 15 lacs to Rs 30 lacs.
  5. Enhance in Tax assortment at Supply (TCS) for remittance underneath LRS for journey and investments overseas.
  6. Antagonistic tax adjustments for REITs and Market-linked debentures

All the above adjustments usually are not beneficial however the unfavourable ones largely have an effect on the HNIs.

Not attainable to cowl this wide selection of subjects in a single submit. Therefore, will cowl a few of these over the subsequent few weeks. On this submit, I concentrate on a very powerful one, the adjustments to the tax construction within the new tax regime.

Now that the brand new tax regime has been made extra enticing, does it make sense so that you can swap from the previous tax regime to the brand new regime?

What are the brand new tax slabs?

The tax charges haven’t been modified underneath the previous tax regime (Larger tax price however deductions).

The adjustments are just for the brand new tax regime (decrease tax charges with out deductions).

tax slabs new tax regime vs old tax regime  union budget 2023

Incentives for the New Tax Regime

  1. Enhancement of minimal exemption restrict from Rs 2.5 lacs to Rs 3 lacs
  2. The eligibility of rebate underneath Part 87A enhanced from Rs 5 lacs to Rs 7 lacs if choosing the brand new tax regime. This ensures no taxes in case your revenue doesn’t exceed Rs 7 lacs.
  3. Decrease tax charges
  4. Customary deduction of Rs 50,000 is now allowed for Salaried individuals and pensioners. Was not permitted earlier.
  5. Surcharge for revenue over Rs 5 crores lowered from 37% to 25%, if choosing the brand new tax regime.
  6. New tax regime shall be the default possibility.

No taxes if the revenue is as much as Rs 7 lacs

In the event you go for the brand new tax regime and in case your revenue is as much as Rs 7 lacs, you should not have to pay any tax.

How does this occur?

By a provision underneath Part 87A.

Below Part 87A, you’re eligible for a rebate of as much as Rs 25,000 (earlier Rs 12,500) if the full revenue doesn’t exceed Rs 7 lacs (earlier Rs 5 lacs).  This alteration is just for the New tax regime.

So, let’s say your revenue is Rs 6.5 lacs. As per the revised tax slabs/charges, your tax legal responsibility shall be Rs 20,000. Nonetheless, because the revenue is under Rs 7 lacs, you’ll be eligible for a rebate of  Rs 20,000. Decrease of (Rs 20000, 25000).  Therefore, zero tax legal responsibility.

In case you are a salaried worker or a pensioner, you may also take commonplace deduction. This can push the tax-free restrict to Rs 7.5 lacs.

Be aware: The principles haven’t been modified for the previous tax regime. Below the previous tax regime, the rebate continues to be capped at Rs 12,500 if the revenue doesn’t exceed Rs 5 lacs.

For willpower of whole taxable revenue, it isn’t simply your wage that’s counted. The capital good points or curiosity revenue or every other taxable revenue should even be added to calculate the full revenue. Even the LTCG on fairness/fairness funds of as much as Rs 1 lac have to be added since it isn’t exempt revenue however taxable revenue on which no tax have to be paid.

Aid for Excessive Earnings Earners

In the event you earn rather well, the Authorities asks you to pay extra taxes. The tax slabs don’t change however the surcharge kicks in.

Above 50 lacs: 10%

Above Rs 1 crores: 20%

Above Rs 2 crores: 25%

Above Rs 5 crores: 37%

Thus, in case your taxable revenue is greater than Rs 5 crores, your tax price to your total revenue above Rs 10 lacs is 30% * (1+37% surcharge) * (1 + 4% cess) = 42.77%

The Authorities proposes a change right here.

For revenue above Rs 5 crores, the surcharge shall be lowered from 37% to 25%, however provided that you go for the brand new regime. This reduces marginal tax price = 30% * (1+25% surcharge) * (1+4% cess) = 39%

No change in surcharge price for the previous tax regime. And the speed of surcharge stays 37% if the full revenue is greater than 5 crores.

Clearly, for such taxpayers with annual revenue above Rs 5 crores, new tax regime is a simple alternative no matter the tax deductions taken.

How higher is the Proposed New Tax Regime in comparison with the Current New Regime?

The next illustration demonstrates the affect for salaried taxpayers.

changes to the new tax regime union budget 2023

Since the good thing about commonplace deduction is accessible solely to salaried workers and pensioners, the distinction will cut back for professionals.

What do you have to decide: New Tax Regime or the Outdated Tax Regime?

Now to the actual query.

Between the previous and the brand new tax regime, which one do you have to decide?

The brand new Tax regime has decrease tax charges however doesn’t enable deductions.

Outdated tax regime has larger taxes however permits to scale back revenue by way of tax deductions.

Subsequently, in the event you can avail sufficient tax deductions, you would possibly nonetheless be higher off within the previous regime.

However what’s the tipping level? What’s “sufficient”?

What needs to be the quantity of tax deductions to make the previous regime extra enticing?

I in contrast the tax liabilities for varied ranges of revenue and tax deductions for salaried workers (who will get the good thing about commonplace deduction underneath each previous and new regime).

new tax regime vs old tax regime

As you’ll be able to see above, the brink of tax deduction the place previous regime turns into extra enticing than the brand new regime is Rs 4.25 lacs (together with commonplace deduction).

Subsequently, in the event you can handle tax deduction of Rs 4.25 or extra (Rs 3.75 lacs excluding commonplace deduction), you’ll be higher off within the previous regime.

For non-salaried (who don’t get profit of normal deduction), the tipping level shall be Rs 3.75 lacs.

Now, you should see in the event you can take tax deductions to that extent.

Part 80C: As much as Rs 1.5 lacs (life insurance coverage premium, ELSS, PPF, EPF, and many others.)

Part 80D: As much as Rs 25,000. For medical insurance premium. In the event you (or your partner) are a senior citizen, the profit goes as much as Rs 50,000. As well as, if you’re paying the premium to your dad and mom, you get an extra 25,000 tax profit. If both dad or mum is a senior citizen, the extra profit goes to 50,000.

Part 80CCD(1B): As much as 50,000 for personal contribution to NPS.

Customary deduction of Rs 50,000.

These numbers add as much as about 2.75 lacs.

The opposite outstanding ones are as much as Rs 2 lacs for Dwelling Mortgage Curiosity (Part 24) and home lease allowance (HRA) adjustment . In case you have taken an schooling mortgage, you get tax profit for curiosity cost on schooling mortgage (no cap on the tax profit) underneath Part 80E.

So, if you’re staying in a home you personal (self-occupied) and you’ve got repaid the house mortgage in full, you’ll be able to’t take profit underneath Part 24 (house mortgage curiosity) and home lease (HRA).

In such a case, it’s tough to the touch that magical mark of Rs 4.25 lacs (for salaried/pensioners) and Rs 3.75 lacs (for self-employed).

And in the event you can’t hit the mark, you’re higher off within the new tax regime.

Tax Advantages which might be nonetheless permitted underneath the New Tax Regime

Customary deduction of Rs 50,000. Allowed just for salaried workers and pensioners.

Employer contribution to NPS, EPF, and superannuation fund. Part 80CCD (2). Be aware solely employer contributions are allowed as deduction. Not personal contribution. Therefore, if in case you have been investing in NPS and taking advantage of as much as 50K underneath Part 80CCD(1B), you received’t be capable to get that profit in the event you swap to the brand new tax regime.

As well as, for a let-out property, you would possibly nonetheless be capable to take profit for house mortgage curiosity.

The Verdict

It’s evident that the Authorities is attempting to extend acceptance of the New Tax regime by way of incentives.

By lowering tax charges for the middle-income earners.

And lowering surcharge for very high-income earners.

And presumably steadily part out the previous regime. Or if only a few individuals go for the previous regime, it’ll routinely turn into irrelevant.

And I believe the Authorities is doing it the correct method. Slightly than abolishing the previous regime or withdrawing tax advantages underneath the previous regime, they’ve simply made the New Tax Regime extra enticing.

The Authorities did the identical with crypto investments. It may have banned crypto investments. As an alternative, it discouraged the funding in cryptos by way of larger taxes, TCS, disallowing setoffs, or carry ahead of loss. So, not an outright ban however a nudge to not make investments.

Going ahead, if the Authorities needs to place extra money within the pockets of the traders, it’ll merely tweak the tax charges or tax slabs underneath the brand new regime. And never contact the previous tax regime.

With this, it’s truthful to NOT count on an enhancement within the Part 80C restrict. Not now and never sooner or later.  Or every other particular tax advantages. I don’t count on any contemporary tax profit completely for the previous tax regime sooner or later. If a brand new tax profit (deduction) is introduced, it will be for each the previous and the brand new regime.

By the best way, if we hold including tax deductions to the brand new regime, we are going to beat the last word objective of the New Tax Regime. An easier tax construction. And the brand new regime turns into the New “Outdated Regime”.

The brand new tax regime is easy.  

Will get you out of that tax-saving mindset.

Total industries have mushroomed across the idea of tax-saving. Taxpayers purchase insipid funding merchandise simply to avoid wasting taxes. Below stress to make that tax-saving funding earlier than the tip of March, they purchase something with little regard to their wants and utility of their portfolios.  Gross sales brokers construct their total gross sales pitch round tax-saving.  Not anymore.

I don’t deny that taxation is a crucial resolution variable when deciding on an funding, nevertheless it shouldn’t be the one resolution variable.

And sure, it’s nice to get out of the tax-saving mindset. Nonetheless, don’t let go of the investment-making mindset. You will need to nonetheless make investments to your monetary objectives.

Featured Picture Credit score: Unsplash

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